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UN Common Meeting: Who’s attending, and what’s on the agenda? | United Nations Information

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World leaders will collect this week in New York to handle the 77th session of the United Nations Common Meeting (UNGA).

The warfare in Ukraine, local weather change and nuclear disarmament are more likely to dominate speeches and discussions throughout the annual gathering that begins on Tuesday on the UN headquarters.

The theme for this 12 months’s UNGA is, “A watershed second: transformative options to interlocking challenges”.

In line with the UN, it “stems from the popularity that the world is at a vital second … on account of advanced and interconnected crises”.

UN Secretary-Common Antonio Guterres mentioned the gathering was occurring “at a time of nice peril”, with the world “blighted by warfare, battered by local weather chaos, scarred by hate, and shamed by poverty, starvation, and inequality”.

Audio system on Tuesday will embrace Brazilian President Jair Bolsanaro, United States President Joe Biden and Qatar’s Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani.

Here’s what it is advisable to know:

Who can be attending?

Each UN member is invited to ship a delegation to the UNGA – probably the most consultant physique of the UN system. Every member state is allowed an equal vote when deciding on resolutions.

This 12 months’s session will happen in individual for the primary time since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic in March 2020. For the previous two years, heads of state had been allowed to submit video statements on account of pandemic restrictions.

The listing of audio system consists of some notable absentees, with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese language President Xi Jinping amongst those that will ship their international ministers to the UNGA.

A pre-recorded speech by President of Lebanon Michel Aoun on the 76th Session of the UN Common Meeting at UN headquarters in New York, September 24, 2021 [John Angelillo /Pool Photo via AP Photo]

The place is it held?

The primary six periods of the UNGA had been held in several cities, beginning with London, New York, after which Paris.

Since 1952, practically all periods have taken place on the UN headquarters within the US metropolis of New York.

How do matters make it on the agenda?

Every UNGA session has a set agenda of matters that can be mentioned, voted on or referred to numerous sub-committees.

The matters embrace issues steered by member states or by different UN organs, issues put ahead by the secretary-general, and procedural issues pertaining to the meeting’s operation.

The UNGA’s Common Committee units the agenda and the meeting finally decides how every agenda merchandise can be addressed.

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres
UN Secretary-Common Antonio Guterres speaks throughout the Reworking Schooling Summit on the sidelines of the UNGA at UN headquarters in New York Metropolis, US, September 19, 2022 [Brendan McDermid/Reuters]

What is going to UNGA concentrate on this 12 months?

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is predicted to be a significant focus on the annual gathering, together with the worldwide meals disaster that has been aggravated in consequence.

Like earlier years, local weather change may even be a significant subject of dialogue – specifically the latest floods in Pakistan, which have ravaged the nation and affected greater than 30 million folks.

Whereas member states have lifted most or all coronavirus restrictions of their nations in an try to return to pre-pandemic situations, points comparable to entry to vaccines, monetary restoration and different associated issues can be an important speaking level.

What are UNGA resolutions?

Resolutions are handed in all UN councils, such because the Human Rights Council, the Financial and Social Council and the Safety Council, all year long. Membership of the person councils adjustments cyclically.

UNGA resolutions are seen as an expression of the need of the worldwide group on a given subject, though they’re non-binding, which suggests they don’t have any authorized energy however carry symbolic significance in world affairs.

In distinction, resolutions handed by the 15-member UN Safety Council are usually thought-about binding underneath worldwide legislation and member states are obliged to behave on them.

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